Keyboard Shortcuts

Here you find all special characters that are accessible via the British/American keyboard. I compiled them in groups that I find quite sensible, most important ones on the top.

Windows Input Method

On Windows, many of the characters have to be inserted by entering an alt code; press and hold alt key and enter the code with the numeric keypad – e.g. en dash = Alt + 0 1 5 0.

keyboard

Quotation

CharacterNamemacOSWindowsLinux
Opening⌥ + [Alt + 0147
Closing⇧ + ⌥ + [Alt + 0148
Single opening⌥ + ]Alt + 0145
Apostrophe⇧ + ⌥ + ]Alt + 0146
«Opening Guillemet (angle quote)⌥ + \Alt + 0171
»Closing Guillemet (angle quote)⌥ + ⇧ + \Alt + 0187
Single opening Guillemet⇧ + ⌥ + 3Alt + 0139
Single closing Guillemet⇧ + ⌥ + 4Alt + 0155
German opening⇧ + ⌥ + WAlt + 0132
German single opening⇧ + ⌥ + 0Alt + 0130

Punctuation

CharacterNamemacOSWindowsLinux
-Ascii hyphen---
En Dash⌥ + -Alt + 0150
Em Dash⇧ + ⌥ + -Alt + 0151
Ellipsis⌥ + ;Alt + 0133
Apostrophe⇧ + ⌥ + ]Alt + 0146
·Interpunct (interpoint, Centred point, Middle dot)⇧ + ⌥ + 9Alt + 0183
Bullet⌥ + 8Alt + 0149
¡Inverted exclamation mark⌥ + 1Alt + 0161
!Exclamation mark⇧ + 1⇧ + 1
¿Inverted question mark⇧ + ⌥ + /Alt + 0191
?Question mark⇧ + /⇧ + /
(Opening parenthesis (round bracket)⇧ + 9⇧ + 9
)Closing parenthesis (round bracket)⇧ + 0⇧ + 0
[Opening square bracket[[
]Closing square bracket]]
{Opening curly bracket (brace)⇧ + [⇧ + [
}Closing curly bracket (brace)⇧ + ]⇧ + ]
/Slash//
\Backslash\\
|Vertical bar⇧ + \⇧ + \

Currencies

CharacterNamemacOSWindowsLinux
Euro⇧ + ⌥ + 2Alt + 0128
$Dollar⇧ + 4⇧ + 4
¥Yen⌥ + YAlt + 0165
£Pound⌥ + 3Alt + 0163
¢Cent⌥ + 4Alt + 0162
ƒFlorin⌥ + FAlt + 0131
¤Currencie SignAlt + 0164

Miscellaneous Symbols

CharacterNamemacOSWindowsLinux
@At sign⇧ + 2⇧ + 2
&Ampersand⇧ + 7⇧ + 7
fi ligature⇧ + ⌥ + 5
fl ligature⇧ + ⌥ + 6
§Section sign§Alt + 21
%Percent⇧ + 5⇧ + 5
Permille sign⇧ + ⌥ + RAlt + 0137
Pilcrow (paragraph mark, alinea)⌥ + 7Alt + 0182
Trademark⌥ + 2Alt + 0153
©Copyright⌥ + GAlt + 0169
®Registered Trademark⌥ + RAlt + 0174
*Asterisk⇧ + 8⇧ + 8
Dagger (obelisk)⌥ + TAlt + 0134
Double dagger (diesis)⇧ + ⌥ + 7Alt + 0135
°Degree⇧ + ⌥ + 8Alt + 248
'Single code mark (Feet, minutes)''
"Double code mark (Inches, seconds)⇧ + '⇧ + '
ªFeminine ordinal indicator⌥ + 9Alt + 0170
ºMasculine ordinal indicator⌥ + 0Alt + 0186

Diacritics / Accented letters

These are all accented letters available via keyboard shortcuts! You can copy/paste the most important Latin characters at our tweeting symbols article.

ios-macos-diacritics
iOS (left) and macOS (right): by pushing and holding keys, you can access a corresponding glyph palette; e.g. in iA Writer.
CharacterNamemacOSWindowsLinux
ÀA with grave⌥ + ` + ⇧ + AAlt + 0192
àa with grave⌥ + ` + AAlt + 0224
ÁA with acute⇧ + ⌥ + YAlt + 0193
áa with acute⌥ + E + AAlt + 0225
ÂA with circumflex⌥ + ⇧ + MAlt + 0194
âa with circumflex⌥ + I + AAlt + 0226
ÃA with tilde⌥ + N + ⇧ + AAlt + 0195
ãa with tilde⌥ + N + AAlt + 0227
ÄA with diaeresis⌥ + U + AAlt + 0196
äa with diaeresis⌥ + U + AAlt + 0228
ÅA with ring⇧ + ⌥ + AAlt + 0197
åa with ring⌥ + AAlt + 0229
ÆAE ligature⇧ + ⌥ + ‘Alt + 0198
æae ligature⌥ + ‘Alt + 0230
ÇC with cedilla⇧ + ⌥ + CAlt + 0199
çc with cedilla⌥ + CAlt + 0231
ÈE with grave⌥ + ` + ⇧ + EAlt + 0200
èe with grave⌥ + ` + EAlt + 0232
ÉE with acute⌥ + E + ⇧ + EAlt + 0201
ée with acute⌥ + E + EAlt + 0233
ÊE with circumflex⌥ + I + ⇧ + EAlt + 0202
êe with circumflex⌥ + I + EAlt + 0234
ËE with diaeresis⌥ + U + ⇧ + EAlt + 0203
ëe with diaeresis⌥ + U + EAlt + 0235
ÌI with grave⌥ + ` + ⇧ + IAlt + 0204
ìi with grave⌥ + ` + IAlt + 0236
ÍI with acute⇧ + ⌥ + SAlt + 0205
íi with acute⌥ + E + IAlt + 0237
ÎI with circumflex⌥ + ⇧ + DAlt + 0206
îi with circumflex⌥ + I + IAlt + 0238
ÏI with diaeresis⇧ + ⌥ + FAlt + 0207
ïi with diaeresis⌥ + U + IAlt + 0239
ıDotless i⇧ + ⌥ + B
ÑN with tilde⌥ + N + ⇧ + NAlt + 0209
ñn with tilde⌥ + N +NAlt + 0241
ÒO with grave⌥ + ⇧ + LAlt + 0210
òo with grave⌥ + ` + OAlt + 0242
ÓO with acute⇧ + ⌥ + HAlt + 0211
óo with acute⌥ + E + OAlt + 0243
ÔO with circumflex⌥ + ⇧ + JAlt + 0212
ôo with circumflex⌥ + I + OAlt + 0244
ÕO with tilde⌥ + N + ⇧ + OAlt + 0213
õo with tilde⌥ + N + OAlt + 0245
ÖO with diaeresis⌥ + U + ⇧ + OAlt + 0214
öo with diaeresis⌥ + U + OAlt + 0246
ØO with stroke (slashed O)⇧ + ⌥ + OAlt + 0216
øo with stroke (slashed o)⌥ + OAlt + 0248
ŒOE ligature⇧ + ⌥ + QAlt + 0140
œoe ligature⌥ + QAlt + 0156
ŠS with caronAlt + 0138
šs with caronAlt + 0154
Capital eszett
ßEszett⌥ + SAlt + 0223
ÙU with grave⌥ + ` + ⇧ + UAlt + 0217
ùu with grave⌥ + ` + UAlt + 0249
ÚU with acute⌥ + ⇧ + ;Alt + 0218
úu with acute⌥ + E + UAlt + 0250
ÛU with circumflex⌥ + I + ⇧ + UAlt + 0219
ûu with circumflex⌥ + I + UAlt + 0251
ÜU with diaeresis⌥ + U + ⇧ + UAlt + 0220
üu with diaeresis⌥ + U + UAlt + 0252
ÝY with acuteAlt + 0221
ýy with acuteAlt + 0253
ŸY with diaeresis⌥ + U + ⇧ + YAlt + 0159
ÿy with diaeresis⌥ + U + YAlt + 0255
ŽZ with caronAlt + 0142
žz with caronAlt + 0158
ÐEth (Icelandic)Alt + 0208
ðeth (Icelandic)Alt + 0240
ÞThorn (Icelandic)Alt + 0222
þthorn (Icelandic)Alt + 0254
`Grave``
´Acute⇧ + ⌥ + eAlt + 0180
ˆCircumflex⇧ + ⌥ + IAlt + 0192
˜Tilde (non-mathematical)⇧ + ⌥ + NAlt + 0152
¨Diaeresis (Umlaut)⇧ + ⌥ + UAlt + 0168
˚Ring accent (≠ degree °)⌥ + KAlt + 0000
ˇCaron⇧ + ⌥ + T
˝Double acute (hungarumlaut)⇧ + ⌥ + G
˙Dot accent⌥ + H
¯Macron⇧ + ⌥ + ,Alt + 0175
˘Breve⇧ + ⌥ + .
¸Cedilla⇧ + ⌥ + Z
˛Ogonek⇧ + ⌥ + X

Mathematical etc.

CharacterNamemacOSWindowsLinux
+Plus⇧ + =⇧ + =
×MultiplicationAlt + 0215
÷Division⌥ + /Alt + 0247
=Equals==
Almost equal to⌥ + X
Not equal⌥ + =
EstimatesAlt + 2259Strg + ⇧ + U + 2259
<Less-than⇧ + ,⇧ + ,
>Greater-than⇧ + .⇧ + .
Greater-than or equal⌥ + .
Greater-than or equal⌥ + .
±Plus-minus⇧ + §Alt + 0177
¦Broken barAlt + 0166
^Caret (Ascii Circumflex)⇧ + 6Alt + 94
~tilde (mathematical)⇧ + `⇧ + `
¬Logical Not⌥ + LAlt + 0172
µMicro sign (mu)⌥ + MAlt Gr + M
ΩOhm sign (Omega)⌥ + Z
Symmetric Difference⌥ + J
πpi⌥ + P
Partial derivative⌥ + D
Product⇧ + ⌥ + P
Summation⌥ + W
Square root⌥ + V
Infinity⌥ + 5
Integral⌥ + B
Lozenge (diamond)⇧ + ⌥ + V
Fraction slash⇧ + ⌥ + 1
¹Superscript 1Alt + 0185
²Superscript 2Alt + 253
³Superscript 3Alt + 0179
¼One quarterAlt + 0188
½One halfAlt + 0189
¾Three quartersAlt + 0190

Windows-only

CharacterNamemacOSWindowsLinux
SmileyAlt + 1Strg + ⇧ + U + 263A
Black smileyAlt + 2Strg + ⇧ + U + 263B
Hearts (suit)Alt + 3Strg + ⇧ + U + 2665
Diamonds (suit)Alt + 4Strg + ⇧ + U + 2666
Clubs (suit)Alt + 5Strg + ⇧ + U + 2663
Spades (suit)Alt + 6Strg + ⇧ + U + 2660
Inverse bulletAlt + 8Strg + ⇧ + U + 25D8
White circleAlt + 9Strg + ⇧ + U + 25CB
Inverse white circleAlt + 10Strg + ⇧ + U + 25D9
Male signAlt + 11Strg + ⇧ + U + 2642
Female signAlt + 12Strg + ⇧ + U + 2640
Eighth noteAlt + 13Strg + ⇧ + U + 266A
Beamed eighth notesAlt + 14Strg + ⇧ + U + 266B
SunAlt + 15Strg + ⇧ + U + 263C
Black right-pointing pointerAlt + 16Strg + ⇧ + U + 25BA
Black left-pointing pointerAlt + 17Strg + ⇧ + U + 25C4
Up down arrowAlt + 18Strg + ⇧ + U + 2195
Double exclamation markAlt + 19Strg + ⇧ + U + 203C
Black rectangleAlt + 22Strg + ⇧ + U + 25AC
Up down arrow with baseAlt + 23Strg + ⇧ + U + 21A8
Upwards arrowAlt + 24Strg + ⇧ + U + 2191
Downwards arrowAlt + 25Strg + ⇧ + U + 2193
Rightwards arrowAlt + 26Strg + ⇧ + U + 2192
Leftwards arrowAlt + 27Strg + ⇧ + U + 2190
Right angleAlt + 28Strg + ⇧ + U + 221F
Black up-pointing triangleAlt + 30Strg + ⇧ + U + 25B2
Black down-pointing triangleAlt + 31Strg + ⇧ + U + 25BC
HouseAlt + 127Strg + ⇧ + U + 2302
Pesetas signAlt + 158Strg + ⇧ + U + 20A7
Light shadeAlt + 176Strg + ⇧ + U + 2591
Medium shadeAlt + 177Strg + ⇧ + U + 2592
Dark shadeAlt + 178Strg + ⇧ + U + 2593
Box drawing elementAlt + 179Strg + ⇧ + U + 2502
Box drawing elementAlt + 180Strg + ⇧ + U + 2524
Box drawing elementAlt + 181Strg + ⇧ + U + 2561
Box drawing elementAlt + 182Strg + ⇧ + U + 2562
Box drawing elementAlt + 183Strg + ⇧ + U + 2556
Box drawing elementAlt + 184Strg + ⇧ + U + 2555
Box drawing elementAlt + 185Strg + ⇧ + U + 2563
Box drawing elementAlt + 186Strg + ⇧ + U + 2551
Box drawing elementAlt + 187Strg + ⇧ + U + 2557
Box drawing elementAlt + 188Strg + ⇧ + U + 255D
Box drawing elementAlt + 189Strg + ⇧ + U + 255C
Box drawing elementAlt + 190Strg + ⇧ + U + 255B
Box drawing elementAlt + 191Strg + ⇧ + U + 2510
Box drawing elementAlt + 192Strg + ⇧ + U + 2514
Box drawing elementAlt + 193Strg + ⇧ + U + 2534
Box drawing elementAlt + 194Strg + ⇧ + U + 252C
Box drawing elementAlt + 195Strg + ⇧ + U + 251C
Box drawing elementAlt + 196Strg + ⇧ + U + 2500
Box drawing elementAlt + 197Strg + ⇧ + U + 253C
Box drawing elementAlt + 198Strg + ⇧ + U + 255E
Box drawing elementAlt + 199Strg + ⇧ + U + 255F
Box drawing elementAlt + 200Strg + ⇧ + U + 255A
Box drawing elementAlt + 201Strg + ⇧ + U + 2554
Box drawing elementAlt + 202Strg + ⇧ + U + 2569
Box drawing elementAlt + 203Strg + ⇧ + U + 2566
Box drawing elementAlt + 204Strg + ⇧ + U + 2560
Box drawing elementAlt + 205Strg + ⇧ + U + 2550
Box drawing elementAlt + 206Strg + ⇧ + U + 256C
Box drawing elementAlt + 207Strg + ⇧ + U + 2567
Box drawing elementAlt + 208Strg + ⇧ + U + 2568
Box drawing elementAlt + 209Strg + ⇧ + U + 2564
Box drawing elementAlt + 210Strg + ⇧ + U + 2565
Box drawing elementAlt + 211Strg + ⇧ + U + 2559
Box drawing elementAlt + 212Strg + ⇧ + U + 2558
Box drawing elementAlt + 213Strg + ⇧ + U + 2552
Box drawing elementAlt + 214Strg + ⇧ + U + 2553
Box drawing elementAlt + 215Strg + ⇧ + U + 256B
Box drawing elementAlt + 216Strg + ⇧ + U + 256A
Box drawing elementAlt + 217Strg + ⇧ + U + 2518
Box drawing elementAlt + 218Strg + ⇧ + U + 250C
Full blockAlt + 219Strg + ⇧ + U + 2588
Lower half blockAlt + 220Strg + ⇧ + U + 2584
Left half blockAlt + 221Strg + ⇧ + U + 258C
Rigth half blockAlt + 222Strg + ⇧ + U + 2590
Upper half blockAlt + 223Strg + ⇧ + U + 2580
αGreek letter alphaAlt + 224Strg + ⇧ + U + 03B1
ΓGreek letter GammaAlt + 226Strg + ⇧ + U + 0393
ΣGreek letter SigmaAlt + 228Strg + ⇧ + U + 03A3
σGreek letter sigmaAlt + 229Strg + ⇧ + U + 03C3
τGreek letter tauAlt + 231Strg + ⇧ + U + 03C4
ΦGreek letter PhiAlt + 232Strg + ⇧ + U + 03A6
ΘGreek letter ThetaAlt + 233Strg + ⇧ + U + 0398
δGreek letter deltaAlt + 235Strg + ⇧ + U + 03B4
φGreek letter phiAlt + 237Strg + ⇧ + U + 03C6
εGreek letter epsilonAlt + 238Strg + ⇧ + U + 03B5
IntersectionAlt + 239Strg + ⇧ + U + 2229
Identical toAlt + 240Strg + ⇧ + U + 2261
Top half integralAlt + 244Strg + ⇧ + U + 2320
Bottom half integralAlt + 245Strg + ⇧ + U + 2321
Bullet operatorAlt + 249Strg + ⇧ + U + 2219
Superscript nAlt + 252Strg + ⇧ + U + 207F
Black squareAlt + 254Strg + ⇧ + U + 25A0

Hint: You can copy & paste all characters shown, even if there’s no keyboard shortcut available, like Ω on Windows.

Further Reading